What to give to a cat instead of a mouse
7.1. Bases of cat's feeding
Proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, oligoelements... Each component of feeding has its role in digestion system. Both the incomplete diet, and food over consumption are equally unhealthy. Therefore it is necessary to have an accurate idea about what and in which quantity it is necessary to give to a cat, after all its feeding needs are absolutely different from dog's or man's. Contrary, alas, to a widespread opinion the cat doesn't need various kitchen, and it can't be called a gourmet. The animal chooses food according to a strong smell basically. Many canned food with bright, calling labels like "lamb", "chicken meat" etc. are able to attract the owner's attention more likely than a cat's one because their content doesn't correspond to its taste. Some pets` owners have to regret bitterly because the use of the canned food they've bought sometimes leads to serious negative consequences.
To feed a cat with the fresh products prepared at home is possible only with following a number of rules. It is necessary:
Meat products are of different quality: the more collagen they have (sinews, aponeuroses, or fascias - membranes), the less its feed value. From beef is better to use muscle bulk pieces with blood. The horse beef will be fine also. It is necessary to give meat either raw, or slightly boiled. But pork, on the contrary, should be boiled properly to avoid danger of parasitical diseases. We will point out also that its fats are of high nutritious qualities. The main fault of all kinds of meat mentioned above is a low presence of minerals, especially calcium. What can we tell about the so-called pets` meat sold in specialized shops? If to clean it from sinews and aponeuroses (membranes, fascias), its quality is quite agreeable, however because of usual surplus of fats in it to use it often isn't recommended. By-products should be used in reasonable limits, and especially it is better not to practise upon liver, there is too much vitamin A in it. Its part in cat's diet shouldn't exceed 10 %. Lights go for cats` feeding from ancient times. Thanks for proteins of middle quality and extremely low calorific value they will suit quite well for periodic feeding of the animal of sedentary lifestyle. As it is known, fish is a source of high-quality proteins. It is necessary to draw it and put to thermal conditioning because the antagonistic factor of vitamin B1 can be in its interiors - so-called thiaminase may become the reason of nervous breakdowns. An inconvenience of fish as a food product is, certainly, in the abundance of bones, attempting to pierce where it is not needed. They distinguish fat fish (containing more than 8% of fat): a mackerel, a sardine, a salmon; low-fat (less than 5 % of fat): a cod, the pollack, a slope, the dorado; medium fat fish: sole, flounder and other flat fish. Boiled eggs and dairy products give a high-quality protein. However here much depends on specific features of animals in digesting dairy sugar (lactose). If there is a surplus of lactase in the organism of a kitten - the basic enzyme helping the digestion of dairy sugar than for an adult animal milk is prohibited because of lack of this enzyme. But yogurts are well digested, they don't contain some dangerous lactose but also keeps in order the intestinal canal's microflora. Cheeses that were not subject to fermentation (unripe) are also very useful.
Grain varieties supply animals with a considerable quantity of energy, basically by means of starch. They should be well thermally cooked to avoid fermentation in intestines. As well as rice which should be cooked to a sticky condition. Vegetables deliver the dietary fibers that form the food volume, reduce calorific value and accelerate the passing of content of intestines. Unfortunately, the cat frequently refuses to eat vegetables, and therefore they should be cut and mixed in small pieces with other food. The potato should be well boiled and can be used only in the form of mashed potatoes. Bean (peas, a string bean) is not recommended to give, as they lead to flatus in intestines. Vegetable fats are the necessary food additives, allowing to balance a diet: soya oil, rape oil, grapeseed oil, as they are most useful by their harmonious balance of irreplaceable fatty acids (omega 6 - omega 3), and also peanut and olive oils. And, of course, can't get along without minerals and vitamins: they will provide the deficit covering, that can't be avoided at table food, especially in calcium and fat-soluble vitamins.
Cats` family is carnivores, and a pet doesn't differ from its wild brothers which digestive system is arranged in a way that has the limited set of ferments and isn't capable to digest vegetative food. The need of organism for carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fat acids and other vital components is satisfied with ideal "suppliers" - vegetarian victims.
So, the pet should be fed with such food which would ideally correspond to its needs.
Economic product – a low quality food. The necessary balance of components is poorly kept that, undoubtedly, affects the animals` health. However this product is inexpensive and is affordable for animals` owners of low-income.
Medium product – a medium quality food, is more qualitative than a food of economic line and more expensive. The Medium-product is made according to age and a way of life of the animal. Its structure includes qualitative additives in the form of vitamin-mineral food, protein powders and etc.
Premium products are made of perfect initial raw materials passing obligatory certification (the pure flesh is used, without a touch of connectives, skin and by-products), and contain all vitamins, minerals and micro elements necessary for the right growth, development and life of animals. In a complex with high-quality proteins, carbohydrates and fats they provide life-long immunity and insensibility to stressful situations and diseases.
The most complicated technological process of such food production guarantees exact matching of structure and proportions specified in the instruction. Food digestibility at its correct use reaches 80 - 90 %. Special packing provides long storage without loss of nutritious and flavoring qualities of a product. High qualities of premiums-products allow to consider not only the size of an animal, its age, activity, but also to reduce to a minimum the digestive and skin problems. The structure of premiums-products includes special extracts for decrease of volume and an unpleasant smell of excrements, and also for prevention of extra aerogenesis in digestive tube.
1. Protein (growth - reproduction - muscles - coat)
The protein contains the basic amino acids which are necessary for growth, stable metabolism, reliable functioning of immune system of an organism, reproductive organs, a fine coat condition.
2. Fats (the main energy source)
Fats and oils contain the sated and non saturated acids, and also fat-soluble vitamins.
3. Carbohydrates (an additional energy source)
The basic sources of carbohydrates - beet marc, unpolished rice, the premiums of yellow corn.
4. Vegetative cellulose (digestion)
The vegetative cellulose containing in moderate quantity in a food, is useful, as allows to regulate the peristalsis of intestines.
5. Mineral substances and micro elements (nervous system - a skeleton - teeth - blood)
6. Vitamins (sight - reproduction - skeleton - cells)
7. Additional components.
The normal relation to a food
Breakdown of behavioral reaction to food
Anorexia – food refusal is observed at the most various diseases. The treatment of the concrete illness not always allows to return the lost appetite to an animal. Anorexia signs are observed at the animals taken from familiar atmosphere, for example, after being in hospital or moving to a new residence. In serious cases the use of such medicine as diazepam, usually allows to return an appetite to an animal.
Inedible products intake – behavior disorder, also called perverted appetite. A special place among them take fabrics and especially wool which Siamese or Burmese cats like to suck. The animal is capable to chew wool long, and at its absence to be content with other materials: cotton and even synthetics. Happens so: the departed owners have taken all fabrics away from the room where the cat was left, but it, nevertheless,got its own way: gnawed a mattress through and reached the stuffing. Certainly, such behavior is observed only sporadically, but these small predators are capable to do a lot of harm for few minutes. The deep reasons of such behavior are still badly studied. It is known, however, it happens more often with the hungry animal but if the animal has many plants and dry feed than such behavior is a more rare phenomenon. It is difficult to say, if it is connected with shortage of any nutrients, but the situation is corrected, if the food is richer with a cellulose. If it doesn't happen, despite all taken dietary efforts, it is possible to advise to leave the unnecessary clothes moistened with cologne or spicy sauce in reach of an animal. In this case the cat will necessarily connect the undesirable behavior with the unpleasant taste experience. Cats fool with chewing the electric wires and also every possible threads and strings that can lead to serious corking of intestines. The method of controlling the bad habit is the same that has been described above, that is a creation of accurate interrelation between its own actions and the subsequent unpleasant sensations for an animal. More incredible things were described: skin of the owner sucking or nipples of any dog or a cat. The mechanism of similar unnatural behavioral reactions is different from the one that moves "wool predators" as it reproduces childlike behavior: the cat behaves, as the real kitten, touching with the forepaws in a certain way.
The antagonism of some food products - owing to various reasons an antipathy to separate kinds of products can develop at a cat. In a classical case disgust to a food accepted at the moment of drug injection can develop. Besides, the cat can refuse a food which it ate directly before of acute indigestion (vomiting or diarrhea). The same way a person behaves, avoiding the products that caused, in his opinion, the weakness which has happened to him. We speak, thus, about so-called adaptable behavioral reaction: under natural conditions cats refuse a stale food in which may contain endotoxines.
Predatory instincts - attacks on small victim. It, certainly, can't be added to breakdowns of behavioral reaction to food. Even at filling feeding the cat is still a carnivore and is ready to attack birds or rodents.
1. Manufacturing company should be widely known, have the representative and factory store.
The following recommendations should be used at cats` feeding: